7 Secrets and techniques for Self-Supported Ultramarathons

Self-supported ultramarathons require good gear and preparation. Stage racing veteran Jax Mariash shares her suggestions for ending a self-supported extremely.

The ultrarunning sector is rising monumentally. Tagging a marathon was a bucket record merchandise. Quick ahead a decade, and now the brand new rage is tagging just a few 100-mile races yearly — and probably throwing a 200-miler on the docket.

And within the midst of this increase, a subsection of the ultramarathon world developed. Self-supported ultramarathons, usually set as stage races, problem racers to run round 150-325 miles over seven to 10 days, all whereas carrying every little thing they should survive on their again.

Editor’s observe: Marish is an expert athlete and sponsored by a number of firms. She mentions merchandise from her sponsors on this article.

The game started in 1986 at Marathon Des Sables (MDS) with 23 pioneer contributors within the inaugural race. That race (and the game) was based by French live performance promoter Patrick Bauer, who two years prior traversed the Sahara Desert, masking 350 miles in 12 days.

trail running

Right this moment, the race has north of 1,000 entrants, a roundup of athletes from over 52 nations worldwide. It’s the most important and best stage race on the earth. Nonetheless, stage racing’s consciousness amongst Individuals continues to be fairly scarce. In order a stage racing veteran, the “Queen of the Desert,” I wish to share some hard-won experience about the right way to leap into the sport.

trail running heat

Sizzling-Climate Operating Suggestions From the ‘Queen of the Desert’

Want some tips about hot-weather path working and racing? As the primary lady on the earth to finish the four Deserts Race sequence Grand Slam Plus, Jax Mariash has beat the warmth — many instances over. Learn extra…

What Are Self-Supported Stage Races?

Runners begin collectively each day and run a predetermined distance, ending at a brand new camp every night. A typical 171-mile race might have a every day run profile like this:

Day 1: 31 miles
Day 2: 27 miles
Day three: 53 miles
Day four: 26 miles
Day 5: 26 miles
Day 6: Eight miles

Most stage races have a “lengthy day” of round 50 or extra miles, a handful of marathon days, and one brief day to complete. The race sequence will present a tent to share amongst 10 folks, cold and warm water, and medical assist for excessive instances.

The whole lot else is as much as you. And which means every little thing — food, security provides, sleeping gear, blister care, and luxurious gadgets — all in your particular person.

I used to be the primary lady on the earth to finish the four Deserts Race sequence Grand Slam Plus. This included six weeklong, 155-mile self-supported races throughout the scorched terrain in Sri Lanka, Chile, China, Africa, and Antarctica. These are a number of the strategies I take advantage of to succeed.

7 Ultrarace Suggestions

1. Maintain Your Pack Mild

Ounces equal kilos. Kilos equal ache. There are two methods to maintain a pack gentle. The primary is to hold the least quantity of things attainable. The second is to hold lighter gear.

I discover a stability is someplace in between, as most races have a compulsory gear record. Some races even embrace the minimal measurement of your pack. In order that record turns into your minimal.

Each race shall be completely different relying on local weather and the group you’re working with. From there, the remainder of the gadgets in your pack, apart from meals, turn into luxurious. Your aim is to maintain your pack as gentle as attainable. As a result of the minimal weight at MDS is 6.5 kg (four.33 kilos), my aim is to maintain my meals at round 7.5 kilos and my gear at 7.5-Eight kilos.

running in desert

 

This may add up rapidly, so that you’ll need to be artful. First, the plain: Tear off any further straps, zippers, or materials that’s useless weight. Then, go deeper: Minimize the deal with off your toothbrush and all tags off clothes. Eradicating all meals from the unique packaging, squirt sunscreen right into a ziplock bag, and ditch your bowl in favor of a freeze-dried meals bag (to call just a few).

In case you’re taking this severely, you’ll end up choosing gear, weighing it, and swapping it out time and again till it’s good. After eight races, I nonetheless spend hours dialing in my pack. Within the course of, I’ve discovered just a few favourite items (see under).

We’ll speak about meals later. Weighing gadgets you need to buy will turn into a brand new favourite job. Usually, the worth will climb as the load drops. Don’t fear, you’ll love ultraracing a lot you’ll use the costly sleeping bag you simply scoped out greater than as soon as!

2. Luxurious Objects

Out within the desert, gadgets corresponding to a toothbrush, toothpaste, further sports activities bra, ear plugs, headband, headphones, cup, bowl, remedy ball, iPod, pillow, and physique glide are all thought-about excessive luxurious. Each strap you narrow out to make room for requirements can be an try and squeeze luxurious gadgets into your pack.

This turns into the final piece of the sport in packing and repacking. It’s essential to determine what you completely want after which spending time watching luxurious gadgets you desperately need to carry. Think about questioning in the event you can squeeze in a toothbrush for a seven-day journey. Swiftly, life turns into easy. What do you completely must survive, race, and win?

One in every of my must-haves is my music, because it will get me via through the lengthy day and arduous components. I’m alone so much on the market, so it helps to bounce alongside the route and click on off the miles.

self-supported ultramarathon

I additionally should have a pillow, and it’s definitely worth the 59 g for a very good sleep. The identical goes for the sleeping pad at 332 g. It could weigh over two-thirds of a pound, however to sleep rather well each night time is a large part to racing effectively.

The Set off Level Remedy ball is one other must-have. Rolling nightly on my nagging muscle tissue is crucial for efficiency, and the 79 g is price it. And there’s at all times a ziplock bag stuffed with glitter eyeshadow to really feel my Marvel Girl sass. On the finish of the day, you would possibly sneak in 1 further pound of luxurious.

But when which means it should make you race hours quicker, who cares in case your pack weigh-in at athlete check-in isn’t the lightest of the bunch? Lastly, pack three weeks early; every day, have a look at that pile of luxurious gadgets and ask your self if all of them will assist in efficiency. If the reply is sure, throw them within the bag.

three. Race Day Suggestions: Operating Parts

Stage racing turns into a cycle of making ready to run, then making ready to get better, and doing it yet again. The alarm goes off, and the morning routine begins. In my case, first up is throwing down a dose of espresso. I’m the proprietor of Stoked Roasters, so clearly, I’m biased and select our personal on the spot espresso. To that, I add 4 Oreos and PROBAR peanut butter.

Then, it’s a dance. Throw in your pungent race outfit and sunscreen. Then repack your pack. I spend a meticulous 15 minutes dialing in all of my race meals for the day, taping my toes, and laying out my SaltStick salt tabs and DripDrop electrolytes to make sure I gained’t need to dig into my pack through the day for extra.

Beginning on the first hour of the race, I’ve a selected routine: Salt tabs on the hour, lip balm on the 15, snacks on the 30, electrolytes at every checkpoint, and repeat till the end line. This works for me as a result of generally I don’t need to eat, and it forces me to remain on observe.

One other trick is to jam via the help stations. Refill water, reapply sunscreen, say hello to the volunteers, and get out. As a lot enjoyable as it will be to lounge, save that for camp.

From there, the restoration routine begins. I throw down Ultragen asap to help restoration. In desert races, the tents are nonetheless a balmy 100-plus levels F, it’s necessary to discover a technique to throw your legs up and sleep for a pair hours. After I can’t bear to sleep and I’m mendacity in my sweat, I are inclined to pop a Voke Tab and go to the cyber tent to ship a every day message to the skin world that I’m alive.

Then, I ration out snacks: Fritos, macadamia nuts, almonds, Moon Cheese, and Swedish fish. Six o’clock rolls round in a short time, and dinnertime features a bag of Expedition Meals Macaroni and Cheese at 800 energy for 160 g.

I at all times attempt to be in my tent by 7 p.m., after which I do my stretching and rolling routine for an hour. There’s radio silence round 9 p.m., after which your entire system begins once more.

All that mentioned, your optimized system is probably going completely different than mine. For instance, a part of my buddy’s routine is to take time to pet the camp canines every day.

four. Maintain Your Toes Completely happy: Foot Care Earlier than Your Race

At dwelling, you could have the luxurious of a drawer stuffed with socks, clear footwear, and delightful singletrack trails or highway.

Within the desert, you could have two to a few pairs of socks for seven days, gaiters affixed to your footwear (have the Velcro sewn by a cobbler forward of time), and also you’re working on sand that’s usually over 100 levels. Warmth blasts you from prime to backside. Gaiters add sweat, inflicting your toes to slip round and turn into blistered.

One trick is to carry Path Toes cream and lube up your toes every morning earlier than placing your socks on. This may assist stop scorching spots brought on by friction. Some of us additionally use Injinji midweight path toe socks. I have a tendency to make use of CEP ultralight socks that go as much as my knees for further protection.

The impact of working on sand with 19 kilos in your again will change your type and have an effect on how your foot strikes in your shoe. That is one other reason behind blisters. Your first precedence needs to be fixed foot care. Once they come, blisters are ruthless and require upkeep all through your entire race.

One tip is so as to add the foot care course of to your coaching so you may see the way it works for you. Add your gaiters to a few lengthy runs earlier than the race. And in the event you can, do just a few runs off the path and cross-country to see how your foot reacts in variable circumstances. Love your toes, and they’re going to love you again.

5. Vitamin

Take into account the current Grand To Grand Extremely: six phases of working with 18,000 toes of ascent over seven days and 170 miles. The minimal caloric requirement for every runner is 14,000 energy over seven days — or about 2,000 per day.

To attain this, you need to determine the right way to get essentially the most bang in your buck whereas guaranteeing you meet your naked minimal. I’m 5’10” and 142 kilos, and my naked minimal for this race was 15,400 energy. That’s 2,200 energy per day.

You’ll seemingly shed weight. So, how will you carry out at your most potential, choose the very best meals for energy per gram, and truly benefit from the meals? My jam is an ideal mixture of freeze-dried meals, regular vitality snacks, treats, and restoration meals. Right here’s my secret collection of every day eats.

Day by day Vitamin

Breakfast: four Oreos, Stoked Roasters Prompt Espresso, PROBAR peanut butter
Operating Gasoline: PROBAR Bolt, DANG coconut chips, macadamia nuts, 2 Swedish fish, 2 Voke Tabs
Restoration gasoline: Ultragen
Afternoon snacks: Fritos, Cheez-Its, Lorna Doone cookies, almonds, peanuts, Moon Cheese
Dinner: Expedition Meals Macaroni and Cheese

6. Managing the Sizzling Temperature

Let’s begin this secret off with a narrative about Sri Lanka. It was the primary of 5 races within the four Deserts Grand Slam Plus in 2016.

Throughout my coaching in Jackson Gap, Wyo., temps had been 10-20 levels F. The terrain was snow and ice, and alpine snowboarding was prime attributable to a candy snow season. I added pack runs and simply figured I might be capable to deal with the drastically completely different race local weather.

Severely jet-lagged, I walked off the airplane and nearly choked as a result of thick humidity. I spent day one with bouts of nausea, vomiting six instances on the best way to the primary checkpoint. Twelve kilometers into the race, I believed I used to be doomed.

What I discovered from this was the significance of coaching or discovering methods to regulate to the local weather you’ll race in. If it’s going to be very popular and dry, it will assist to spend time in a sauna or one other area that may present warmth coaching. Some have even positioned an area heater of their health club and run on a treadmill or accomplished stability workouts to imitate scorching climates. The extra you may place your self within the parts, the higher.

This goes for coaching together with your pack loaded precisely the way you need it within the race so your shoulders and again will get used to it. I have a tendency to do that three weeks prematurely, after which I begin carrying it round all over the place and switch heads as I run errands or work standing up with it on.

Operating round city together with your pack on will actually make it easier to on race day to just accept the bizarre seems to be and simply know that you simply’re a badass. The most important key right here? The extra you do to recreate the weather of your race local weather — on this case, warmth, humidity, and pack weight — the higher.

7. Coaching Suggestions

I like to recommend a 16-week coaching taper. Coaching is a positive stability of working, working with a pack, double lengthy runs, energy coaching, and coaching your thoughts. I do a mixture of the next every week to coach for a stage race: two pace exercises, two lengthy runs, two pack runs, after which two straightforward runs. As quickly as you may, dial in your pack and run with it. Till then, I spend the opposite few weeks carrying a 22-pound working vest.

One other aspect is dialing in your vitamin. So whip up a few of that freeze-dried meals, get pleasure from it for a dinner after a long term day, and see how your stomach feels after. The extra experimenting you do beforehand, the much less seemingly you’ll get any nasty surprises through the occasion.

Lastly, meditate every day and picture a profitable race and end. Most of working is psychological. So grit up in thoughts, physique, and spirit for a profitable end.

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